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USA

The United States of America is located on the continent of North America. There are 50 states in the U.S. Forty-eight of the states form the contiguous United States. The U.S. borders on Canada to the north, and Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. On the east coast, the U.S. is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west coast it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean.
To the northwest of Canada is the state of Alaska. The state of Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean, southwest of California.
In addition to the 50 states, the U.S. has several territories and possessions, located in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.

 

USA Education System

 

The United States facilitates top notch resources and qualitative education for wide variety of curriculums that enables students to pursue their extra edge. For every student aspiring education in USA it is essential to be aware of the structure of educational system in USA. The system comprises of 12 years of primary and high school education, which is mandatory for getting admission in any graduate college, university, or for any professional and technical schools. It is not compulsory to accomplish these 12 years of elementary education within United States. Therefore students from overseas are also welcomed for higher education in United States.

 

Primary/Elementary School

 

Usually the education for Americans starts at around 5 years of age. The tenure of primary schooling will be about five to six years. In this level students will be completing five grades of their education. Students have choice to select their education held either in public schools, or private schools, or home school.

 

High/Secondary School

 

Upon completion of five grades of education in primary school, students will enter high/secondary school. The tenure of secondary school will be about six to seven years, by which students will be completing their 12 grades. After completion of their secondary education successfully students will be obtaining a high school diploma, which gives eligibility to get admission in any college or university. International students applying for graduation in U.S should have an equivalent grade of this diploma.

 

Undergraduate School

 

After achieving high school diploma, students will join colleges or universities to pursue their undergraduate course of study. They offer two types of degrees

 

Bachelors Degree
It is a four years long-term program, in which most of the students in US pursue their undergraduate program. Certainly, bachelor’s degree earns considerably more than another equivalent degree. The course of study is called the 'major', which comprises of the main or special subjects. Know more about Bachelor’s degree.
Associate Degree
It is a two years diploma program, awarded by community colleges, junior colleges and business colleges for completing the under graduation. It is equivalent to the first two years of bachelor’s degree (four-year degree). This degree can be valid to transfer into third year of four-year school eventually for the completion of bachelor’s degree program. The first year is called ‘freshman year’, second year is called ‘sophomore’, third year is called ‘junior’ and fourth year is called ‘senior’. Know more about Associate Degrees. For pursuing undergraduate program in USA, international students need to have a minimum score on the SAT +TOEFL.
Graduate School
Typically, graduate degree is a two-year program that is specialized on a specific subject like, arts, science, and philosophy. Students holding bachelor’s degree will be eligible to continue their further education by pursuing any master’s degree. Yet there are certain exceptions for pursuing graduate degrees like MBA. To pursue Master’s degree for international students, many universities ask for a minimum score on the TOEFL+ GRE and TOEFL+ GMAT for MBA. Graduation education includes, law, medicine, M.B.A., and Ph.D. (doctorate) etc.
Doctorate
To continue the comprehensive course of study, a student can pursue a Doctorate degree, which is also called as a PhD. This degree will be pursued to learn more and place special focus on the major subject a master’s graduate. The tenure of completing PhD degree may take around 3 to 6 years, depending on the selected program. Many universities consider master’s degree as the gateway to obtain doctorate. This is not compulsory for some other universities, where students can get PhD admission with bachelor’s degree.
Academic Year
It is a two years diploma program, awarded by community colleges, junior colleges and business colleges for completing the under graduation. It is equivalent to the first two years of bachelor’s degree (four-year degree). This degree can be valid to transfer into third year of four-year school eventually for the completion of bachelor’s degree program. The first year is called ‘freshman year’, second year is called ‘sophomore’, third year is called ‘junior’ and fourth year is called ‘senior’. Know more about Associate Degrees. For pursuing undergraduate program in USA, international students need to have a minimum score on the SAT +TOEFL.
Graduate School
Typically, graduate degree is a two-year program that is specialized on a specific subject like, arts, science, and philosophy. Students holding bachelor’s degree will be eligible to continue their further education by pursuing any master’s degree. Yet there are certain exceptions for pursuing graduate degrees like MBA. To pursue Master’s degree for international students, many universities ask for a minimum score on the TOEFL+ GRE and TOEFL+ GMAT for MBA. Graduation education includes, law, medicine, M.B.A., and Ph.D. (doctorate) etc.
Doctorate
To continue the comprehensive course of study, a student can pursue a Doctorate degree, which is also called as a PhD. This degree will be pursued to learn more and place special focus on the major subject a master’s graduate. The tenure of completing PhD degree may take around 3 to 6 years, depending on the selected program. Many universities consider master’s degree as the gateway to obtain doctorate. This is not compulsory for some other universities, where students can get PhD admission with bachelor’s degree.

 

 

Academic Year

 

Generally, the school calendar in USA starts in August or September, which is continued through May or June. For the convenience of international students many courses are designed in such a manner that students can join the program in different terms resembling to semesters (two-term calendar), trimesters (three-term calendar), or quarter (four-term calendar) systems.

 

Transfers

 

Education system in US allows students to transfer to another university with the same graduation within a reasonable time period. Students have the opportunity to enroll in any university before finishing their degree and their credits will be used in the new university to complete their degree.

 

Credit System

 

A credit system is an organized method of presenting the educational program by accumulation of credits to its components. Students in USA will complete their degrees on the accretion of their credits between 130 and 180 credits. There are various parameters to depict credits for higher education, which may include workload, learning outcomes and contact hours of the students. In certain cases, ‘units’ or ‘semester hours’ are used instead of credits. For every course of study students will earn a particular number of credits per semester. Professors and advisers assist the students in organizing their course schedule for their academic year.

 

Grades

 

US education system employs chronic evaluation method for every course of study adopted by the students and assigns grades for them. These grades will be assessed based on several inquisitions that manipulate final grade such as, class attendance, marks scored in examinations, laboratory reports, assignments and other relevant proceedings. The following are the common percentage “letter grade scale” for classes taken at U.S. colleges:

  • 100 - 90% = A,
  • 89 - 80% = B,
  • 79 - 70% = C,
  • 69 - 60% = D,
  • 59 - 50% = E,
  • 49 - 0% = F

 

 

About GPA

 

Students will complete their degrees with a Grade Point Average (GPA). The entire grades obtained from the whole degree program will be known as cumulative grade point. Usually many universities will measure through the GPA scale of 4.0 and few use a scale of 5.0.

 

Reasons to Study in the USA

 

Benefits
The United States is the premiere destination for international students from all over the world. The main advantages of higher education in the USA are as follows:

 

World class learning institutions

 

The United States has more institutions of higher learning than any other country in the world. More importantly than that, however, is the quality of these academic bodies. Most American colleges and universities offer top-notch education programs with highly qualified teaching staff. The research at many of these universities is cutting-edge and often published in journals worldwide. Many of the professors at these schools are leading authorities in their field. The list of world-class learning institutions in the USA is endless and include, but are not limited to: Stanford University, Harvard, Yale, Cornell, California Institute of Technology, UC Berkeley, University of Pennsylvania, MIT, John Hopkins, Northwestern University, etc.
One of the best things about studying in the USA is the vast number of academic options offered to students. Since the USA is such a large country with vast resources, almost every field of study is available in the country. One can study everything from Russian history to nuclear physics. That is why so may foreigners choose to obtain their training in the USA. If you can perceive it, you can probably find some place in America to study it.

 

Worldwide recognition

 

A degree or certificate from a college or university is useless if it is not recognized by employers, other institutions or field authorities. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance to ensure than the degree from the school you choose is recognized in the place you plan to use it in. Fortunately, colleges and universities in America are given professional accreditation by different governing bodies. These schools have to earn their accreditation by meeting certain criteria, helping ensure a quality education, as well as a degree or certificate that is recognized. Most schools in the USA are accredited, though we strongly suggest that you thoroughly find out what each school's accreditation is before deciding. There are thousands of US schools that offer credentials recognized in almost every corner of the world.

 

Supporting industries, training & research

 

Because of the vast wealth of resources in America, the opportunities for practical training related to your field of study are vast. Most college and universities have established affiliations with employers and researchers in different fields of study, thereby creating an avenue for students to obtain hands-on and invaluable experience. Many universities even require that students obtain practical training in order to graduate. In many cases, these opportunities are not available any where else in the world.

 

People and culture

 

America is a melting pot of people from all over the world. One will find most Americans to be very hospitable, friendly, kind, generous and accepting of foreigners. Of course, there are a few exceptions, as in any country, but these are not the norm. In general, the people are funny, gregarious, innovative, and eager to learn. These are traits that many international students adopt and take home with them.

 

Technology

 

Regardless of what degree a student chooses to pursue in school, he or she will have to use computers and other technologies in order to succeed. Many universities incorporate the latest technology into their curriculum, encouraging students to obtain proficiency before they go out into the workplace. Specialized technology, such as the newest medical equipment in medical schools, allows each student to maximize their true potential and gain experience that is marketable in the real world.

 

Flexibility

 

Since the USA school system utilizes credit units and often accommodates working students, most schools offer academic programs that are flexible in nature. This means that, very often, one can choose when to attend classes, how many classes to enroll in each semester or quarter, what elective or optional classes to take, etc. An American education is very conforming to each student's needs.

 

Campus experience

 

It has been said that the friends and experience obtained during campus life are worth as much as the education itself. Many make friends that last lifetimes. The lessons learned my co-existing and living with others from all over the world are priceless.

 

Global focus

 

More and more often, American colleges and universities are focusing on the global aspects of each subject, better preparing students with a worldwide view of their field. No longer can students merely focus on certain geographic areas when obtaining their academic training. Most US learning institutions have recognized this and offer a more comprehensive and global curriculum to meet these new trends.