Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world.
Canada’s culture is historically been influenced by European Culture and traditions, especially British and French. Subsequently has been influenced by American Culture because of its proximity and migration between the two countries.
This set Canada on a path to bilingualism with English and French as official languages of Canada.Being a settler nation, Canada has been shaped by waves of migration that have combined to form a unique blend of customs, cuisine, and traditions that have marked the socio-cultural development of the nation.
More than 200 ethnic origins are represented in Canada and Immigration now accounts for more than 50% of Canada’s population growth, with immigrants coming mainly from Asia and the Middle East.
Canada is ranked by the United Nation as the best country in safety and quality of life. Canada has always placed emphasis on inclusiveness for all people. The people of Canada are mostly literate and maintain high standard of living.
The economy of Canada is quite advanced and most of the people enjoy high standard of living. Canada has an abundance of natural resources like forests, minerals, fish and hydro electronic power all of which has helped Canada focus their economic development on the export of raw materials. The Canadian economy has grown more rapidly than the other developed countries.
Canada is a contribution monarchy with a federal system, a parliamentary government and a democratic tradition. Queen Elizabeth II a queen of Canada is the head of state. She appoints the governor general, who serves as her representative on the advice of the prime minister usually for a 5 year term. The prime minister is the head of the cabinet. Canada’s parliament consists of or elected house of commons and an appointed senate. Legislative power rests with the 308 member commons.
Criminal law is largely based on British law through out the nation where as civil law is based on law of England except in Quebec which has retained its own civil code. Justice is administered by federal, Provincial and municipal courts.
Head of state, Queen Elizabeth II/ Governal General-Michelle Jean / Prime Minister- Stephen Harper/ Minister of Foreign Affairs - Lawrence Cannon / Ambassador of the United Nations-John Mc nee/ Jason Kenney - Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism.
Policy priorities of the conservatives under Prime Minister Harper have remained fairly consistent since 2006 lower federal taxes especially on consumption, reducing crime, increasing defense spending, asserting sovereignty in the arctic raising the profile of Canada’s role abroad, contributions to earth quake relief in Haiti etc.
In Canada education is the responsibility of each province and territory.
Canada spends more per capita income in education system than any other country in the world. As a result tuition fee is low when compared with any developed countries. Scholarships are limited and available for international students based on merit and academic standing.
Canadian degrees are recognized through out the world.
Canada has introduced a open work permit up to 3 years for successful graduates gain a valuable work experience and also to obtain eligibility to become permanent residents in Canada.
At post secondary level institutions are divided into community colleges and universities.
Post secondary education is offered by university, University College, community colleges/Technical institutions and career colleges.
Universities are largely public funded. They offer broad range of courses and degrees from undergraduate to doctoral and also certificate and professional degrees.
University College offers a choice of either academic oriented university degree or practical oriented college diplomas and certificates. They also offers university transfer program. They offer more vocational related curriculum.
Community Colleges are public funded and offers industry set programs responding to the training needs of business industry and public service sectors.
Community Colleges are popular education choices in Canada. Community Colleges fill a unique niche in Canada’s education system, combining high quality, comprehensive academics with employer–centered programs, industry connections and internship opportunities. They offer professional programs of 1 to 3 years (often including a work term) that are highly applicable in the job market.
The two–to three- year (or shorter) college programs typically offer specific, vocationally –oriented curricula, as well as general academic concentrations. In fact, a significant number of university graduates attend college upon completion of their degrees to acquire vocational skills for employment. Colleges typically have more vocationally–related curricula than universities, with smaller classes, off-campus course offerings, a greater ratio of laboratory space to classroom space, an interactive teaching style and inclusive entry criteria. Employment–related programs, including apprenticeship and continuing education courses, often maintain varying entry levels and range from the technologies to the creative arts.
Compared to universities, community colleges have smaller classes, more options for off-campus courses, a greater ratio of laboratory space to classroom space, more interactive teaching, more co-op and practicum opportunities and more inclusive admissions requirements.
Private Career colleges are privately owned schools preparing students for job market.
Entry requirements & Types of certification awarded in Canadian Education System
Diplomas: Secondary school and English language proficiency. Diploma will be awarded for completion of 2 years study offered at colleges.
Undergraduates: Secondary school and English language proficiency. Bachelors degree will be awarded for completion of four years full time study
Graduate: Diplomas, Bachelor degrees, English language proficiency and for MBA-GMAT, for science programs – GRE. Masters degree will be awarded upon successful completion.
Doctoral: Masters degree. Doctorate will be awarded upon successful completion.
Top Reasons to Study in Canada
- Canada is renowned around the world for it’s tradition of hospitality and tolerance.
- Canada is the Second largest country in the world after Russia.
- Canada is high tech country and a safe place to study.
- Internationally known for the quality of Teaching and Research. Educational experience is sure to be truly international.
- Education in Canada is under the complete jurisdiction of the provinces and territories .Institutions are divided into universities and community colleges.
- Canada is world leader in Software Development, Telecommunication, Aerospace, Engineering, Urban Transport, Biotechnology, Mining Technology and Environmental Industries.
- Tuition Fees for international students in Canada are much lower than comparable countries.
- High Quality Degrees are offered ranging from undergraduate to doctorates and also offer certificates and diploma which are highly applicable in the job market.
- Community Colleges offer Co-op option which means academically qualified students enhances their education by working as paid employees in the field.
- One to three years open work permit upon studies and can apply for PR. Canada also offers opportunity for getting permanent immigration. Different programs have been formulated by Canadian government to help international students move to Canada on a permanent basis under the Canadian Experience Class. Such programs enable students having work experience or degrees from Canadian educational institutes to gain permanent immigration to Canada.